When treating the acneic client, successful results come from a combination of a consistent homecare routine and professional treatments that are tailored to their acneic problems. One of the most important things to remember when treating clients that suffer from acne is that cross-contamination must be eliminated.
Because bacteria plays a large role in the development of acne, it is crucial to use gloves, change tissues often while performing an extraction, and to not double dip tools. The following step-by-step treatment is a generic example of an ideal acne treatment and consists of cleansing, salicylic acid application, two masks, an extraction, high frequency, an acne spot treatment, cryotherapy globes, and sun protection.
- Before starting the treatment, prepare a pair of gloves and two bowls of water, one warm and one cool. Proceed to cleanse the client’s face with a foamy cleansing gel that contains alpha hydroxy acid, which will kill germs and bacteria. Other helpful ingredients to look for in a cleanser include seaweed extract and rosehip seed extract, as they nourish and strengthen the capillary walls. The cleanser should be thoroughly removed with warm water.
- Saturate a glycolic applicator swab with 2 percent salicylic acid and gently buff the face upward from both sides until the client feels a light tingling sensation. For a first-time client, keep the salicylic acid on the face for a maximum of two minutes. The time that the acid is left on their face may later increase as their tolerance increases. Remove the acid with cool water after one to two minutes.
- Continue the facial procedure by mixing one and a half teaspoons of an enzyme mask with warm water to make a soft paste. After applying the mask to the client’s entire face for 10 minutes, turn on the steam and ozone and point it to the client’s face so that the mask stays moist and the enzymes remain active. If a steamer is not accessible, use a moist, hot towel over the mask to keep it from drying up. This mask should be based on bentonite clay, oats, and a fruit enzyme, in order to exfoliate and cleanse the pores. Remove the mask with warm water.
- Perform a manual extraction, changing tissues often to prevent the spread of bacteria on the skin.
- Use a high-frequency machine over the blemished areas for three to five minutes. Before using high-frequency, do not forget to ask clients if they are pregnant or if they have a pacemaker.
- A mask that includes bentonite clay, sulfur, camphor magnesium, hyaluronic acid, salicylic acid, and oxygen plasma should be thinly applied to overly oily and blemished areas for 15 minutes. Proceed by washing the mask off with warm water.
- Spray the client’s face with a toner that does not contain oil.
- Next, apply an acne spot treatment by dipping a cotton swab in the solution and applying only to blemishes. The spot treatment should contain minerals, such as magnesium and iron, which kill germs and bacteria without leaving discoloration. When finished, close the container tightly and throw away the cotton swab. Do not dip the same swab into the container after it has already been used.
- If cryotherapy globes are available, remove them from the freezer and wipe them dry to remove any excess moisture. Use the globes to massage the client’s face upward to close the pores and minimize redness.
- The final step is to apply sunscreen to the client’s face. A water-based sunscreen should be used because it is perfect for all skin types.